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16th World Congress on Blood Cancer, will be organized around the theme “Novel Research Techniques in Blood Cancer Treatment”

Blood Cancer 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Blood Cancer 2020

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Cancer may be a group of diseases involving abnormal growth of the cells with the potential to invade or unfold to numerous elements of the body. These contrast with benign   , that do not spread. Cancer cells are cells that divide unrelentingly, forming solid tumors or flooding the blood with abnormal cells. Cell division may be a traditional method utilized by the body for growth and repair. A parent cell divides to form two daughter cells, and these daughter cells are used to build new tissue or to replace cells that have died because of aging or damage. Healthy cells stop dividing once there's no longer a desire for additional daughter cells, but cancer cells continue to produce copies. They are also able to spread from one part of the body to a different in a method called metastasis. Cancer disease caused by genetic changes leading to uncontrolled cell growth and tumor formation. The basic reason for sporadic cancers is DNA damage and genomic instability. A minority of cancers are due to inherited genetic mutations. Most cancers are related to environmental, lifestyle, or activity exposures. Cancer is generally not contagious in humans, though it can be caused by oncoviruses and cancer bacteria.

 

  • Track 1-1Carcinoma
  • Track 1-2Leukaemia
  • Track 1-3Lymphoma¬†
  • Track 1-4Central nervous system
  • Track 1-5Mesothelioma

There are mainly three types of blood cancers. Leukemia is one type of cancer it is found in bone marrow and blood. It is affected by the quick production of abnormal white blood cells. These abnormal white blood cells are not able to fight infection and damage the capability of the bone marrow to produce red blood cells and platelets. Lymphoma will be directly attack the immune system, these are called lymphocytes. Lymphoma cells are in the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and other parts of the body. Myeloma is malignancy of the plasma cells. Plasma cells are white platelets that deliver sickness and disease battling antibodies in your body. Myeloma cells have the standard generation of antibodies, leaving your body's safe framework debilitated and defenseless to malady.

 

  • Track 2-1Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
  • Track 2-2Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
  • Track 2-3Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
  • Track 2-4Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Track 2-5Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Track 2-6Multiple myeloma

To confirm the presence of cancer and the severity or the stages of the cancer numerous cancer detection tests are carried out; certain cancer blood tests or alternative laboratory tests, such as an analysis of your urine or a biopsy of a suspicious area, to help guide the diagnosis .The other kind of tests performed to diagnose or confirm blood cancer can also include complete blood count and Blood protein testing, Tumour marker tests and Biopsy, Cytogenetic, Imaging and Radiation Oncology, Endoscopy. There are so many different types of cancer treatments are there with different possible benefits, risks and side effects. Slow-growing blood cancers can be survived by taking daily medication, whereas people with faster-growing acute blood cancers may need stronger (intensive) treatments. A stem cell transplant infuses healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body. Chemotherapy is also one of the anticancer drugs designed to interfere with and halt the growth of cancer cells in the body. Cancer cells are destroyed and relieve pain or discomfort by Radiation therapy.It may even be given before a stem cell transplant.

Types of treatments:

  • Intensive treatment / high-intensity treatment
  • Chemotherapy
  • Stem cell transplantation
  • Radiation therapy
  • Non-intensive / low-intensity treatment
  • Low-dose chemotherapy
  • Curative treatment
  • Non-curative treatments

 

 

Anaemia is the most common type of blood disorder. Patients with anemia have a deficiency of oxygen-rich red blood cells or their red blood cells do not function properly. Anaemia frequently remains undiagnosed because it is an underlying condition of other health issues, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic kidney disease, and rheumatoid arthritis. Haemophilia is a rare, typically inherited blood disorder in which the blood does not properly clot and causes excessive bleeding, which can cause damage to organs, joints, and tissues. The patient may suffer excessive bleeding from the site of an injury or from internal bleeding. Clotting Disorders, Haematologists also treat conditions related to the proteins that trigger bleeding and clotting, including thrombosis and haemostasis. Thrombosis refers to the formation of abnormal blood clots that blocks blood circulation. Blood Cancers Cancerous blood conditions include leukaemia, Hodgkin lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Chemotherapy is the primary treatment for blood cancer, though some patients receive radiation therapy as well and/or a transplant of stem cells or bone marrow. Antioxidants like lymphotoxin can also reduce the risk of one suffering from Blood Malignancies

 

  • Track 4-1Blood Cancer Causes
  • Track 4-2Blood Cancer Symptoms

A cancer biomarker refers to a substance or process that's indicative of the presence of cancer within the body. A biomarker is also a molecule secreted by a tumor or a specific response of the body to the presence of cancer. Genetic, epigenetic, proteomic, glycomic, and imaging biomarkers are often used for cancer diagnosing, prognosis, and epidemiology. Ideally, such biomarkers can be assayed in non-invasively collected biofluids like blood or serum. A number of gene and protein based biomarkers have already been used at some point in patient care; including, AFP (Liver Cancer), BCR-ABL (Chronic Myeloid Leukemia), BRCA1 / BRCA2 (Breast/Ovarian Cancer), BRAF V600E (Melanoma/Colorectal Cancer)

Breast : ER/PR (estrogen receptor/progesteron receptor), HER-2/neu

Colorectal : EGFR , KRAS, UGT1A1

Gastric : HER-2/neu

GIST : c-KIT

 

  • Track 5-1Diagnostic
  • Track 5-2Prognostic, Predictive biomarkers

Clinical trials are studies in which people volunteer to take part in tests of latest medication or procedures. Doctors use clinical trials to develop new treatments for serious diseases like cancer.In this section you can learn about clinical trials in general, find tools to help you decide if a clinical trial may be right for you, and search for specific studies you may be eligible to take part in. Clinical trials can vary in size and cost, and they can involve a single research centre or multiple centres, in one country or in multiple countries. Clinical study style aims to confirm the scientific validity and reproducibility of the results.

 

Blood groups are of ABO type and but at present the Rh blood grouping of 50 well defined antigens in which 5 are more important they are D,C,c,E and e and Rh factors are of Rh positive and Rh negative which refers to the D-antigen. These D-antigen helps in prevention of erythroblast fetalis lacking of Rh antigen it defined as negative and presences of Rh antigen in blood leads to positive these leads to rh incompatibility. The prevention treatment of diseases related to the blood is called as the Hematology. The hematologists conduct works on cancer to.

The disorder of system resulting in hypersensitivity is named as Clinical immunology and the abnormal growth of an infection area unit called Inflammation and therefore the arise of an

abnormal immune response to the body or an immune suppression are known as Auto immune disorder. The stem cell therapy is used to treat or prevent a disease or a condition mostly Bone marrow stem cell therapy is seen and recently umbilical cord therapy Stem cell transplantation strategies remains a dangerous procedure with many possible complications; it is reserved for patients with life-threatening diseases.

 

Bone Marrow Transplantation: A bone marrow transplant, also known as a haemopoietic stem cell transplant, replaces damaged bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells.Bone marrow is a spongy tissue found within the hollow centres of some bones.It contains specialist stem cells, which produce the body's blood cells. A biopsy may be a sample of tissue taken from the body in order to look at it more closely. A doctor should recommend a biopsy when an initial test suggests that an area of tissue in the body isn't normal. Doctors may call that area of abnormal tissue a lesion, a tumour, or a mass. Topics of discussion in the scientific sessions are Bone Marrow Surgery, Stem Cell Surgery, Hematopoietic Cell Transplantations.

 

Traditional, complementary and different treatment may also be known as ‘therapy’ or ‘medicine’. These treatments are sometimes called ‘holistic’ because they don’t just look at how the disease affects the body, they aim to treat the whole person – emotionally, mentally and spiritually as well as physically. Also the terms "complementary" and "alternative" are here and there used to allude to non-customary strategies for diagnosing, counteracting, or treating cancer or its symptoms overs the same techniques as complementary medicine and the expression is used when these therapies are used instead of conventional treatments. complementary/alternative therapies are uses the knowledge and practices developed by the indigenous peoples of North America over thousands of years. It includes using natural plants with healing powers further as ceremonies like smudging and sweats.Traditional medication may be used as either a complementary or alternative treatment for cancer

 

Hematologic malignancies are forms of cancer that begins within the cells of blood-forming tissue, like the bone marrow, or in the cells of the immune system.

Examples of hematologic cancer are acute and chronic Leukemia, lymphomas, multiple myeloma and myelodysplastic syndromes. Myeloproliferative neoplasms, or MPNs, are hematologic cancers that arise from malignant hematopoietic myeloid progenitor cells in the bone marrow, such as the precursor cells of red cells, platelets and granulocytes. Included in the MPN disease spectrum are essential thrombocythemia, polycythemia Vera and myelofibrosis. This scientific session will focus on all types of common or rare blood cancers such as acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia hairy cell leukemia (HCL), large granular lymphocytic leukemia (LGL), t-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma, Multiple myeloma, Childhood Leukemia and Myelodysplastic–Myeloproliferative diseases.

 

The information is about a portion of the more current, directed medication medicines for blood tumour that are beginning to be utilized or have been as of late affirmed for use in individuals with Blood Cancer. The list includes generic and brand names. This page likewise records basic medication mixes utilized as a part of leukemia. The individual medications in the mixes are FDA-endorsed. List of cancer medicine approved by the nourishment and drugs Administration for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Chemotherapy is the utilization of medicines to crush or control malignancy cells. These medications can be taken by mouth or given in a vein or a muscle. They enter the circulation system and achieve all regions of the body

Leukemia Drugs:

  • Arranon (Nelarabine)
  • Asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi
  • Hyper-CVAD

Lymphoma Drugs:

  • Doxorubicin
  • Bleomycin
  • Vinblastine

Myeloma Drugs:

  • Melphalan
  • Vincristine (Oncovin)
  • Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)

 

The most important cancer cure technologies are combined with natural therapies to help patent fight the disease and maintain patent quality of life. Cancer also tested by chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy and synthetic lethality. This therapy is depends upon the grade and place of the tumor and also, the stage of the disease, as well as the general state of the patient. The removal of cancer without harm to the rest of body is the ideal goal of treatment and is usually the goal in practice.

Types of therapies:

  • Radiofrequency Ablation
  • Cryosurgical Ablation (CSA)
  • Cancer Microvascular Intervention (CMI)
  • NanoKnife Therapy
  • Photodynamic Therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Hyperthermia
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine

 

Cancer screening aims to find cancer before symptoms appear. This may involve blood tests, urine tests, DNA tests other tests, or medical imaging. The benefits of screening in terms of cancer prevention, early detection and future treatment should be weighed against any harms. Different varieties of cancer screening procedures have completely different risks, but sensible tests share some characteristics. If a test detects cancer, then that test result should conjointly result in choices for treatment. Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen. Chemotherapy could also be given with curative intent, or it should aim to prolong life or to reduce symptoms. Chemotherapy is one of the key classes of the medical discipline specifically devoted to pharmacotherapy for cancer,  that is named medical medicine.

 

  • Track 13-1Breast cancer
  • Track 13-2Cervical cancer
  • Track 13-3Bowel cancer
  • Track 13-4Prostate cancer

Neuro-oncology is the study of brain and spinal cord neoplasms, many of that are very dangerous and life-threatening astrocytoma, glioma, glioblastoma multiforme, ependymoma, pontine brain tumour, and brain stem tumors are among the many examples of these. Among the malignant brain cancers, gliomas of the brainstem and pons, glioblastoma multiforme, and high-grade astrocytoma are among the worstA tumor occurs once abnormal cells form inside the brain.There are 2 main varieties of tumors: cancerous (malignant) tumors and benign (non-cancerous) tumors.Cancerous tumors may be divided into primary tumors, that start inside the brain, and secondary tumors, that have spread from elsewhere, called brain metastasis tumors.

 

  • Track 14-1Primary tumors of the central nervous system
  • Track 14-2Metastatic tumors of the central nervous system
  • Track 14-3Skull metastasis
  • Track 14-4Intracranial metastasis
  • Track 14-5Spinal metastasis

Cancer can be treated by different processes.The choice of therapy depends upon the situation and grade of the tumour and the stage of the sickness, still as the general state of the patient.Many experimental cancer treatments are also under development.Some of the individuals with cancer can have only one treatment.But the majority have a combination of treatments, like surgery with therapy and/or radiotherapy.You also have immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or hormone therapy.

 

 

  • Track 15-1Alkylating agents
  • Track 15-2Antimetabolites
  • Track 15-3Anti-microtubule agents
  • Track 15-4Cytotoxic antibiotics

A cancer vaccine is a vaccine, that either treats existing cancer or prevents the development of cancer. Vaccines that treat existing cancer are called therapeutic cancer vaccines.Some/many of the vaccines are "autologous", being ready from samples taken from the patient, and are specific to it patient. Some kinds of cancer, like cervical cancer and some liver cancers, are caused by viruses (oncoviruses). traditional vaccines against those viruses, like HPV immunogen and hepatitis B vaccine, prevent those kinds of cancer.

 

 

DNA repair is an assortment of processes by that a cell identifies and corrects damage to the polymer molecules that write in code its ordination. In human cells, both normal metabolic activities and environmental factors like radiation will cause DNA harm, leading to as many as one million individual molecular lesions per cell per day.

Many of these lesions cause structural damage to the DNA molecule and may eliminate the cell's ability to transcribe the gene that the affected DNA encodes. As a consequence, the DNA repair method is continually active as it responds to break within the DNA structure. When traditional repair processes fail, and once cellular apoptosis doesn't occur, irreparable DNA harm might occur, as well as double-strand breaks and DNA cross-linkages. This can eventually result in malignant tumors, or cancer as per the two-hit hypothesis.

 

 

Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, usually abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using radiation, generally as a part of cancer treatment to manage or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator. Radiation therapy is also curative in a range of kinds of cancer if they're localized to one area of the body. It may even be used as a part of adjuvant therapy, to prevent tumour recurrence after surgery to remove a primary malignant tumor. Radiation therapy is synergistic with therapy, and has been used before, during, and once therapy in vulnerable cancers. The subspecialty of oncology concerned with radiotherapy is called radiation oncology. The traditional use of nanotechnology in cancer therapeutics has been to improve the pharmacokinetics and reduce the systemic toxicities of chemotherapies through the selective targeting and delivery of these anticancer drugs to tumor tissues. Nanoparticles have high surface area to volume ratio. This allows for several practical teams to be connected to a nanoparticle, which can seek out and bind to certain tumor cells. Additionally, the small size of nanoparticles, allows them to preferentially accumulate at tumor sites. Limitations to standard cancer therapy embrace drug resistance, lack of property, and lack of solubility

 

  • Track 18-1Radiation enteropathy
  • Track 18-2Radiation-induced¬†polyneuropathy